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Details for anatomical structure: blood

EndoNet ID: ENC00014

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Synonyms

blood, , sanguis

General information

A fluid tissue circulating in the cardio-vascular apparatus; the fluid is the means by which oxygen and nutritive materials are transported to the tissues and also carbon dioxide and various metabolic products are removed for excretion; the blood consists of a pale yellow or gray-yellow fluid, plasma, in which are suspended red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets

Links to other resources

Cytomer cy0045019

Larger structures

    Substructures

      Secreted hormones

      • Hormone: IL-1 beta

        • IL-1beta is abundantly secreted by activated macrophages and blood monocytes. [1]
      • Hormone: C-C motif chemokine 2

        • CC chemokine ligand 2 (CCL2) is constitutively expressed at high levels in human peripheral blood monocytes, and its expression is further up-modulated during their differentiation into macrophages as well as in the course of HIV infection. [2]
      • Hormone: IL-2

      • Hormone: MCP-2

      • Hormone: MCH

      • Hormone: chondromodulin 2

      • Hormone: fibronectin

      • Hormone: leukocystatin

      • Hormone: galectin-3-binding protein

      • Hormone: elastase-2

      • Hormone: IL-28A

      • Hormone: IL-28B

      • Hormone: IL-29

      • Hormone: sphingosine 1-phosphate

        • In the blood, S1P levels are in the low-micromolar range and are mainly contributed by erythrocytes. [3]
      • Hormone: lysophosphatidic acid

      Receptors

      • Receptor: B-CAM

      Reference