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Details for anatomical structure: pineal cell

EndoNet ID: ENC00110

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pineal cell, pinealocyte, chief cell, chief cell of pineal, epitheloid cell,

Links to other resources

Cytomer cy0045857

Larger structures


      Secreted hormones

      • Hormone: melatonin

        • Melatonin synthesis is influenced by light and regulated by the biological clock, i.e. the suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN), through polysynaptic noradrenergic innervation, which involves binding of noradrenalin (NA) to the ß1-adrenergic receptor on the pinealocytes to activate N-acetyltransferase. [1]

        Influenced by:

        • beta-1 adrenoreceptor
          in pineal_cell


      • Receptor: beta-1 adrenoreceptor


        • melatonin