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Details for anatomical structure: neurohypophysis

EndoNet ID: ENC00114

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Synonyms

neurohypophysis, posterior lobe of pituitary gland, Neurohypophysis

General information

Comprising the infundibulum and its bulbous termination, the neural part or infundibular process, which is composed of neuroglia-like pituicytes, blood vessels, and unmyelinated nerve fibers of the hypothalamohypophyseal tract whose cell bodies reside in the supraoptic and paraventricular nuclei of the hypothalamus, and convey to the lobe for storage and release the neurosecretory hormones oxytocin and antidiuretic hormone

Links to other resources

Cytomer cy0000467

Larger structures

    Substructures

      Secreted hormones

      • Hormone: antidiuretic hormone

        Influenced by:

        • CRF-R1
          in brain
          • Basal HPA axis may be affected by magnocellular CRF that directly stimulates the AVP secretion through a paracrine mechanism at the level of neurohemal zone of the neurohypophysis. [1]

      Receptors

        Reference