Status
Please wait ...

Details for anatomical structure: small intestine

EndoNet ID: ENC00127

To link to the content of EndoNet use the EndoNet ID that is given on the detail pages in the format ENX0000, where X is a place holder for the type of the component (e. g. R for receptor or C for anatomical structure).
As URL for the linking append this ID to the detail page for this type of component.
For an hormone that would be:

http://endonet.bioinf.med.uni-goettingen.de/hormone/ENH00000

It is also possible to use the search of EndoNet to link to the right detail page. The URL should look like

http://endonet.bioinf.med.uni-goettingen.de/search/ENC00000
If the search pattern is unambigious the user is directed to the corresponding detail page.

Synonyms

small intestine, , Intestinum tenue

General information

The portion of the digestive tube between the stomach and the cecum; it is composed of three sections: duodenum, jejunum and ileum; all are involved in the absorption of nutrients; the total length of the small intestine is approximately 22 feet

Links to other resources

Cytomer cy0048843

Larger structures

    Substructures

      Secreted hormones

      • Hormone: lipocalin 2

        • NGAL was found in a variety of normal and pathological human tissues (cell type-specific pattern of expression in bronchus, stomach, small intestine, pancreas, kidney, prostate gland, and thymus). [1]
      • Hormone: lymphotactin

      • Hormone: PDGFC

      • Hormone: CXCL11

      • Hormone: MCP-2

      • Hormone: MIP-3 beta

      • Hormone: BMP2

      • Hormone: MIP-3 alpha

      • Hormone: TARC

      • Hormone: MCP-4

      • Hormone: SFRP1

      • Hormone: sFRP-2

      • Hormone: laminin alpha-4 chain

      • Hormone: TNFSF18

      • Hormone: APOA1(1-242)

      • Hormone: APOA1

      • Hormone: APOC1

      • Hormone: TNFSF12

      • Hormone: semaphorin 3C

      • Hormone: WISP1

      • Hormone: WISP3

      • Hormone: fractalkine

      • Hormone: SEMA4D

      • Hormone: CXCL16

      • Hormone: RELMbeta

      • Hormone: AGR2

      • Hormone: Cystatin-C

      • Hormone: leukocystatin

      • Hormone: mucin-2

      • Hormone: BD-1

      • Hormone: ECM1a

      • Hormone: IL-17B

      • Hormone: FAM3D

      • Hormone: FAM3B-b

      • Hormone: FGF-23

      • Hormone: FABP2

        • Intestinal-FABP occurs in the enterocytes of small intestine. [3]
      • Hormone: cholecystokinin 39

        • It is well recognized that mammals synthesize CCK peptides in the I-cells of the small intestine, as well as the central nervous system [4]

      Receptors

      • Receptor: GL-R

      • Receptor: galanin receptor 3

      • Receptor: PPARgamma1

        • PPARγ1 had the broadest tissue expression(...)PPARγ1 mRNA was found in the heart, large and small intestines, colon, kidney, pancreas, spleen and skeletal muscle. [5]
      • Receptor: histamine H4 receptor

      • Receptor: EP3

      • Receptor: EP4

      • Receptor: TLR7

      • Receptor: glucagon-like peptide 2 receptor

      • Receptor: NPY4-R

      • Receptor: PLXND1

      • Receptor: CysLTR1

      • Receptor: apelin receptor

      • Receptor: hepatocyte growth factor receptor

      • Receptor: LXR-alpha

      • Receptor: IL-18R1

      • Receptor: PXR

      • Receptor: TACI

      • Receptor: DR4

      • Receptor: galanin receptor 1

        Induced phenotype:

        • eating behavior
          • Galanin modulates food intake with a preference for fat. [6]
        • induction of smooth muscle contraction
          • Galanin induces smooth muscle contration in intestine. [6]
      • Receptor: Lysophosphatidic acid receptor 1

      • Receptor: Lysophosphatidic acid receptor 5

      • Receptor: Lysophosphatidic acid receptor 4

      • Receptor: Ovarian cancer G-protein coupled receptor 1

      • Receptor: Lysophosphatidic acid receptor 3

      • Receptor: Sphingosine 1-phosphate receptor 2

      • Receptor: Psychosine receptor

      • Receptor: PPAR beta/delta

        • A study with human tissues showed that PPARä was present in liver, intestine, kidney, abdominal adipose, and skeletal muscle, tissues that are all involved in aspects of lipid metabolism [5]
      Reference