Status
Please wait ...

Details for anatomical structure: brain stem

EndoNet ID: ENC00183

To link to the content of EndoNet use the EndoNet ID that is given on the detail pages in the format ENX0000, where X is a place holder for the type of the component (e. g. R for receptor or C for anatomical structure).
As URL for the linking append this ID to the detail page for this type of component.
For an hormone that would be:

http://endonet.bioinf.med.uni-goettingen.de/hormone/ENH00000

It is also possible to use the search of EndoNet to link to the right detail page. The URL should look like

http://endonet.bioinf.med.uni-goettingen.de/search/ENC00000
If the search pattern is unambigious the user is directed to the corresponding detail page.

Synonyms

brain stem, brainstem, Truncus encephali

General information

it consists of the medulla oblongata, pons and mesencephalon; contains all nuclei of cranial nerves and the reticular formation, which is the location of important neuronal centres (controlling respiration, heart rate and blod pressure); that's why even little brain stem lesions are mostly life-threatening

Links to other resources

Cytomer cy0016706

Larger structures

    Substructures

      Secreted hormones

      • Hormone: NPY

      • Hormone: serotonin

      • Hormone: NRG-1

        • NRG-1 expression was also being present in putative serotonergic neurons of the raphe and dopaminergic neurons of the substantia nigra, indicating that NRG-1 expression is not limited to any particular neurotransmitter-defined class of neurons. [1]
      • Hormone: FGF-1 isoform 1

      • Hormone: Virodhamine

        • In the periphery, especially in tissues that express the CB2 receptor, the concentration of virodhamine was higher than anandamide. [2]
        • The concentration of virodhamine was lower than anandamide. [2]
      • Hormone: nociceptin

      • Hormone: norrin

      Receptors

      • Receptor: CRF-R1

      Reference