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Details for anatomical structure: blood vessel

EndoNet ID: ENC00207

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blood vessel, , Vas sanguineum

General information

All the vessels lined with endothelium through which blood circulates, as arteries, veins, capillaries

Links to other resources

Cytomer cy0040486

Larger structures


      Secreted hormones

      • Hormone: fibronectin

      • Hormone: CTGF

      • Hormone: ECM1a

      • Hormone: EGF

      • Hormone: FGF-1 isoform 1

      • Hormone: elastase-2

      • Hormone: VCAM1 soluble form

      • Hormone: lysyl-bradykinin

      • Hormone: RANKL

      • Hormone: bradykinin

      • Hormone: IDL

        • Triglycerides in VLDL are removed in capillaries by lipoprotein lipase, afterwards VLDL returns to the circulation as IDL. [1]


      • Receptor: NPY5-R

      • Receptor: calcitonin-receptor-like receptor

      • Receptor: thrombospondin receptor

      • Receptor: neuropilin 1

        Induced phenotype:

        • excess of capillary formation
          • Overexpression of neuropilin 1 results in embryonic lethality owing to an excess of capillary formation. [2]
        • patterning of blood vessels
          • Semaphorin3a is a chemorepellent with multiple guidance functions, including peripheral vascular patterning and branching morphogenesis. [3]
      • Receptor: basigin

        Induced phenotype:

        • regulation of angiogenesis
          • Basigning regulates angiogenesis by increasing protease production ass well as by upregulation of hypoxia-inducible factor-2alpha, VEGFR2, and the soluble forms of VEGF. [4]
      • Receptor: angiotensin II type 1 receptor