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Details for anatomical structure: bronchi

EndoNet ID: ENC00234

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Synonyms

bronchi, , Bronchi

General information

Any of the larger subdivisions of the trachea, serving to convey air to and from the lungs; having an outer fibrous coat with irregularly placed plates of hyaline cartilage, an interlacing network of smooth muscle and a mucous membrane of columnar ciliated epithelial cells

Links to other resources

Cytomer cy0049599

Larger structures

    Substructures

      Secreted hormones

      • Hormone: lipocalin 2

        • NGAL was found in a variety of normal and pathological human tissues (cell type-specific pattern of expression in bronchus, stomach, small intestine, pancreas, kidney, prostate gland, and thymus). [1]
      • Hormone: C-C motif chemokine 2

      • Hormone: IL-8

        • The bronchial epithelium is a source not only for the C-X-C chemokines interleukin-8 and GRO-alpha, but also for the neutrophil chemoattractant granulocyte chemotactic protein (GCP)-2. [2]

        Influenced by:

        • IL-17R
          in bronchi
          • Compared to baseline (inherent) release, the peak response of interleukin-17-induced release of interleukin-8 was 225% (+/- 13%). [2]
      • Hormone: GROalpha

        • The bronchial epithelium is a source not only for the C-X-C chemokines interleukin-8 and GRO-alpha, but also for the neutrophil chemoattractant granulocyte chemotactic protein (GCP)-2. [2]

        Influenced by:

        • IL-17R
          in bronchi
          • Compared to baseline (inherent) release, the peak response of interleukin-17-induced release of GRO-alpha was 259% (+/-12%). [2]
      • Hormone: mucin-2

      • Hormone: soluble PSGL-1

      Receptors

      • Receptor: IL-17R

        Influences:

        • IL-8
          • Compared to baseline (inherent) release, the peak response of interleukin-17-induced release of interleukin-8 was 225% (+/- 13%). [2]
        • GROalpha
          • Compared to baseline (inherent) release, the peak response of interleukin-17-induced release of GRO-alpha was 259% (+/-12%). [2]
      Reference