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Details for anatomical structure: thalamus

EndoNet ID: ENC00413

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Synonyms

thalamus, cerebral ganglion, dorsal thalamus, Thalamus

General information

The large part of the diencephalon located dorsal to the hypothalamus and excluding the subthalamus and the medial and lateral geniculate bodies; it includes the major motor and somatosensory relay nuclei, nuclei that project to association areas, and the intralaminar nuclei

Links to other resources

Cytomer cy0000498

Larger structures

    Substructures

      Secreted hormones

      • Hormone: apelin-13

      • Hormone: apelin-28

      • Hormone: apelin-31

      • Hormone: apelin-36

      • Hormone: fractalkine

      Receptors

      • Receptor: NMU-R2

      • Receptor: mGluR4

      • Receptor: CRF-R1

      • Receptor: dopamine receptor D2

      • Receptor: dopamine receptor D5

      • Receptor: NPSR1

        Induced phenotype:

        • arousal
          • The arousal-promoting effect of NPS might be partially mediated by NPSRs expressed in thalamic midline nuclei, as this brain structure is known to act as a relay between arousal centers of the brainstem and the cortex. [1]
      Reference