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Details for anatomical structure: epididymis

EndoNet ID: ENC00437

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Synonyms

epididymis, , Epididymis (dexter et sinister)

General information

An elongated structure connected to the posterior surface of the testis, consisting of the head of the epidymis, body of epidymis, and tail of epidymis, which turns sharply upon itself to become the ductus deferens; the main component is the very convoluted duct of the epidymis which in the tail and the beginning of the ductus deferens is a reservoir for spermatozoa; the epidymis transports, stores, and matures spermatozoa between testis and ductus deferens

Links to other resources

Cytomer cy0047525

Larger structures

    Substructures

      Secreted hormones

      • Hormone: CST8

      • Hormone: uteroglobin

      • Hormone: FAM3A

      Receptors

      • Receptor: PRLR

        Induced phenotype:

        • positive regulation of lipid metabolic process
          • Prolactin has metabolic effects on sex accessory organs, in the epididymis, lipid levels are augmented.
        • energy reserve metabolic process
          • Prolactin has metabolic effects on sex accessory organs, in the epididymis, sialic acid levels are augmented. [1]
          • Prolactin has metabolic effects on sex accessory organs, in the epididymis, energy metabolism is increased. [2]
      Reference