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Details for anatomical structure: corpus striatum

EndoNet ID: ENC00556

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Synonyms

corpus striatum, striate body, Corpus striatum

General information

The caudate and lentiform nuclei; the striate appearance on section is caused by slender fascicles of myelinated fibers; histologically, the striate body can be subdivided into the generally small-celled striatum, consisting of the caudate nucleus and the outer segment of the lentiform nucleus, and a large-celled globus pallidus composed of the two segments

Links to other resources

Cytomer cy0020828

Larger structures

    Substructures

      Secreted hormones

      • Hormone: acetylcholine

        Influenced by:

        • dopamine receptor D2
          in corpus_striatum
          • Stimulation of D-2 dopamine receptors inhibite therelease of ACh. [1]
      • Hormone: glutamate

      • Hormone: Virodhamine

        • The concentration of virodhamine was lower than anandamide. [2]
      • Hormone: CGRP1

      • Hormone: neuromedin N

      • Hormone: dopamine

        Influenced by:

        • 5-HT3 receptor
          in nucleus_accumbens
          • Stimulation of 5-HT-3 receptors mediate a dose-dopendent increase of DA release. [3]

      Receptors

      • Receptor: PRLR

      • Receptor: SPR

        Induced phenotype:

        • sensory perception of pain
          • SP modulates pain centrally and peripherally. Receptor expression has high density in the striatum, amygdala and dorsolaterla prefrontal cortex [4]
      • Receptor: 5-hydroxytryptamine receptor 4

      • Receptor: 5-ht-6R

      • Receptor: 5-HT-2C

        Influences:

        • dopamine
          • Stimulate 5-HT-2C receptors localized within the striatum have an inhibitory controll of the dopamine release in the nitrostriatal pathway. [5]
      • Receptor: dopamine receptor D2

        Influences:

        • acetylcholine
          • Stimulation of D-2 dopamine receptors inhibite therelease of ACh. [1]
      • Receptor: dopamine receptor D3

      Reference